Wednesday, December 7, 2016

Take it Like a Man: Hegemonic Masculinity


            This paper focuses on the “effects of humour studied within one organization where physical, misogynistic and homophobic humour is highly emphasized and encouraged.”  The author, Barbara Plaster, uses the concept of hegemonic masculinity to argue that men use workplace humor is used to form a “hyper-masculine” identity within this organization.   The definition of humor an interesting area from the paper as well, because it is not often something we need to define.  Plaster notes the various manifestations that humor can take, “a stimulus that causes laughter; a response to a stimulus; or a disposition towards viewing things in a humorous light.” 
            Through observation, Plaster got the following results:


MEN, MASCULINITIES, AND FEMINIST THEORY



This chapter on masculinity by Judith Kegan Gardiner, examines, from a historical and theoretical perspective, masculinity and feminism and how they interact.  Gardiner goes all the way back to ancient Greece and Aristotle.  “The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle portrayed women as naturally men’s inferiors in terms of reason.” 

Of the proponents of women at that time, Gardiner said they “repeatedly asked if God and nature had made women so clearly inferior to men, why were such strong social inducements necessary to retain their subjugation?”  In the chapter, she also touches on white feminism and its implications, as well as “multidimensional feminist theories,” or intersectionality.

Tuesday, December 6, 2016

A Crisis of Masculinity: Men Are Struggling to Cope with Life


This article summarizes a study done by the Campaign Against Living Miserably (CALM), which sought to address the reasons why the male suicide rates in England are at a fifteen-year high.  The study surveyed 1000 men and women, and out of all of them, roughly half confessed some degree of depression; however, the women were much far more likely to ask for help or to seek confidence with a friend.
Men also felt additional pressure to remain strong during times of crisis. Around 42% of male respondents said they believe a man is ‘mostly responsible’ for being emotionally strong and taking charge in a crisis, compared to around 17% of women.”

Jane Powell, chief executive of CALM, said of the results, “Outmoded, incorrect and misplaced male self-beliefs are proving lethal and the traditional strong, silent response to adversity is increasingly failing to protect men from themselves.”


Mental Health & Gender (feat. Hannah Hart)



In the linked video, YouTubers, Kati Morton and Hannah Hart talk about gender and mental health.  Hart specifically brings up a problem that men often have with mental illness; and that is that they are afraid to ask for help or seek any treatment because that is thought of as “feminine weakness.”  Morton brings up a good point as well.  Women are usually the only ones who are thought of as hormonal, but men also experience hormonal fluctuations throughout the day as well; testosterone rises during the evening, and begins to decline in the morning, making the lowest testosterone time around two to three in the afternoon.  That is a very common time for naps.  My father, for example, takes a nap every day at that time and is totally useless without it.